Cultivated land is contaminated by heavy metals, and poisonous land endangers people’s livelihood governance without delay

What kind of attitude did humans choose to face the land they lived in? The ideal picture may be "poetic inhabitation," and the dilemma of reality is a big problem. Some reports quoted the Ministry of Land and Resources data that at present more than 10% of the country's cultivated land area has been contaminated by heavy metals, and the northeastern black land, which is known for its fertility, is also rapidly decreasing or disappearing. This embarrassing "land of the earth" is behind the governance dilemma of inadequate soil pollution control and weak environmental supervision.

In recent years, environmental issues have been an undeniably anxious point for the entire society. Frequent cases have caused people's attention to focus on air and water. Now it is the turn of the land. What needs to be clarified is that the problem of land pollution is by no means accidental in one city, but rather a common predicament of fairly universal significance. According to a researcher from the Ministry of Environmental Protection, about half of the arable land in some cities in southern China is contaminated by toxic heavy metals such as cadmium, arsenic, and mercury, and petroleum-based organics. Some of the farmlands in the Yangtze River Delta are contaminated by heavy metals, resulting in 10% of the soil. Loss of productivity becomes "toxic soil." The cruel facts prove that the blind optimism of “leaving environmental debts to the children and grandchildren” continues to prove that the period of recovery of environmental liabilities is more and more locked in to the current life cycle.

It is difficult to get interested in "food on poisonous soil" and "live on poisonous soil." According to "Finance" magazine report, with the adjustment of industrial structure and the adjustment of urban land use structure, a large number of so-called "toxic lands" that once engaged in the production, storage, and storage of toxic and hazardous substances were "normally used" without treatment. As urban construction sites, there is no shortage of poisonous “standard kings” everywhere, and the residents are mostly lacking in understanding the historical data of the communities they live in. The toxic release time of such “toxic soils” can reach up to a hundred years. The previous South Guangzhou editorial house that had continued to focus on the Guangzhou Safe House project “Southern Steel Plant Block” was a “poisonous mud plot” of heavy metal pollution.

People have long-term understanding of and lack of action on the slightly grand environmental crisis. However, with the current frequency of outbreaks of individual cases, no one can imagine being exposed to the environmental crisis. As far as possible, in addition to dealing with the most direct and specific individual encounters, people can directly participate in the changes, leaving only the micro level of personal production and lifestyle changes. The cause of soil pollution stems from human activities, but here the definition of “human activity” clearly points to more macro-level governance.

Some people think that the poisoning of cultivated land is a malformed industrial (or even urban) development model of “the worst of GDP,” and “preferably poisoning but also GDP.” The argument that “first pollution, then governance” is still prevalent in various regions. Under the view of alienated development, the short-sightedness of government decision-making seems incomprehensible, but there are extremely realistic considerations—because the short-term economic growth means obvious official performance during a limited term. As far as environmental pollution is concerned, it is "after I walk, even if the flood is overwhelming." In recent years, in the government work report, various types of GDP data have been gradually diluted, and signs of improvement can be seen. However, there is obviously a distance between this period of time and the deteriorating living environment.

The situation is critical, but it is not entirely powerless. The destruction of land pollution treatment and the self-rescue of water, air and other human basic living resources belong to the same topic, and it is impossible to break through alone. The reversal of the severe situation of the “toxic land” depends first of all on the clarification, regaining and emphasizing the responsibilities for governance, and most of the consequences of heavy metal pollution in the existing soil are due to short-sighted investment and investment decisions over the years, and non-stop pollution projects. In the accident, new pollution projects were nevertheless passed through argumentation, successfully introduced, and completed. Decision-making sees at least the same kind of lessons as a difficult problem. The public's reflection and participation in decision-making have often been ignored, confiscated and even hostile. How the situation reverses and the initiative is clearly not on the public side.

The situation of citizens in various types of environmental assessments must be changed. This is the last line of defense where toxic soil no longer increases. At the very least, the appeal is to “put the EIA into serious consideration”. The relevant departments regard environmental impact assessment as a pass. The most extreme manifestation is that a large number of “unconstructed and constructed first” rampages, and the EIA process flow is “repair procedures,” making “if it is started, it is impossible to disapprove” alienation as an industry rule. In the decision-making process of environmental projects, although the public’s anxiety is expressed, it is difficult to truly influence the decision-making, and it is impossible to determine the setting of the topic. Congenitally insufficient public topics can not help but the key discussion of “constructing and not building” is considered to have not been negotiated. The biggest problem with the "Where to build" choice is that the fragile environmental ecology is often accompanied.

The later treatment of poisonous soil requires a large amount of capital investment. The premise is to conduct a large-scale investigation on the current number of "toxic soils" in the country. From 2006 to 2010, the Ministry of Environmental Protection spent five years and spent 1 billion yuan to conduct a large-scale investigation of the nation’s soil pollution status for the first time. However, the data of the survey did not allow the Ministry of Environmental Protection to make public announcements. Based on the information disclosure needs of at least a citizen, whether or not governance is a level, but satisfying the information is already quite urgent. The environment will be destined to be a self-help campaign in which everyone needs to devote himself. However, what needs to be emphasized and reiterated is still the historical mission and responsibility of policy makers.

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