The LED industry is in a harsh winter: many 100 million-level enterprises are closed

Abstract Business problems caused the corporate capital chain to break. On November 5, some media reported that Haobo Optoelectronics closed due to arrears in suppliers' huge payment and employee wages. After the report came out, Haobo Optoelectronics Chairman Zhao Hui responded that the company had not stopped work before, but only changed. He also accepts...
Business problems lead to corporate capital chain breaks

On November 5th, some media reported that Haobo Optoelectronics closed due to arrears in suppliers' huge payment and employee wages. After the report came out, Haobo Optoelectronics Chairman Zhao Hui responded that the company had not stopped work before, but only changed. He also promised to resolve the salary of the arrears as soon as possible and gradually repay the amount owed to the supplier.

The reporter did not contact Zhao Hui, but contacted Mr. Wang, one of the shareholders of Haobo Optoelectronics. Mr. Wang introduced that Haobo Optoelectronics was formerly a technology company established in 2006. From 2008 to 2011, the company's development trend has been very good, with a turnover of 200 million yuan last year.

What problems does the company encounter at present? "The main problem is funding." Mr. Wang said that he learned that the company delayed the payment of wages in September this year, and in October the company's capital chain had a problem, "the funds could not be moved and no materials could be purchased." Mr. Wang believes that the main cause of the company's capital chain break is management confusion and financial confusion, which is the result of business problems leading to the break of the corporate capital chain. According to reports, the orders of Haobo Optoelectronics have been sufficient, the main reason for the factory shutdown is that the company defaulted on the supplier's payment, which led to the collective supply of suppliers.

Is there a return to work? Mr. Wang said: "Most of the workers have gone, and the company has not resumed work for the time being. At present, the company has to wait for the introduction of new investors to make new progress."

Mr. Wang said that he is very optimistic about the LED industry. From the performance of Haobo Optoelectronics in recent years, the LED development trend is also very benign. Once the company restarts, he is confident that the company will gradually repay the arrears of suppliers.

How much will it make Haobo Optoelectronics work? "About 10 million to 20 million yuan." Mr. Wang introduced that the company's equipment is in, the market is also in, the influence of the industry is still there, as long as the operation is good, Haobo Optoelectronics can not "re-emerge".

The reporter found that from September to October, after Haobo Optoelectronics fell into a crisis of operation, when it was urgently seeking financial assistance, it had heard the news of the involvement of Baishi Optoelectronics. It was said that the company had placed a number of orders after contact with Haobo Optoelectronics. Haobo Optoelectronics resumed operations and hopes to take over its production line.

Shenzhen Commercial Daily reporter connected Wang Peng, deputy general manager of Baishi Photoelectric Technology Co., Ltd. Wang Peng revealed that he had planned to intervene in early November. At that time, he had opened a supplier conference and also joined some suppliers to send a batch of orders to Haobo Optoelectronics, in order to maintain its normal operation. However, due to the unification of the opinions of several shareholders of Haobo Optoelectronics, Baishi Optoelectronics has officially withdrawn at the end of November.

There are many reasons for the withdrawal, but it is not difficult to see that the funding problem of the shareholders of the company is complicated. There are not only bank loans, but also “triangular debts” such as suppliers’ arrears. How much is it currently owed? What is the accounts receivable and accounts payable? When the reporter was investigating, "I don't know" was the most answer.

The reporter found that the products of Haobo Optoelectronics have certain recognition in the market, and the high-end route, production capacity and reputation are also very famous in the industry. Otherwise, Baishi Optoelectronics will not intend to intervene. "When the cover is covered, no one knows how deep the water is." According to informed sources, due to the disunity of shareholders' opinions, the funds involved are complicated, and exit is a wise choice.

LED industry overcapacity

According to informed sources, there have been four billion-dollar LED companies that have encountered financial problems. This is just a situation that has surfaced. In fact, there have been many LED small businesses that have closed down due to funding problems in a year. These enterprises quietly closed their doors and shut down their business. The impact was not great. Therefore, the media did not report it and it was difficult to be known to the society. And LED companies are experiencing a wave of bankruptcies.

Where are the core issues of the LED industry? Mainly "overcapacity". In the interview, most companies pointed out. The huge market potential of LED has attracted many companies to enter the LED industry blindly. Some securities companies introduced in the research report. It is predicted that during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the LED industry is expected to achieve the goal of quadrupling. By the end of 2015, China’s LED lighting penetration rate will reach 20%, and the industry is generally more optimistic.

According to the data, the LED industry, one of the three major breakthroughs in the development of strategic emerging industries in Guangdong, is developing rapidly.

As far as Guangdong Province is concerned, there are more than 20 LED listed companies. The companies such as Qinshang Optoelectronics and Hongli Optoelectronics have successively landed in the capital market, with a total market value of more than 20 billion yuan. The total investment of five provincial LED industry bases in Huizhou, Dongguan, Jiangmen, Nanhai and Zengcheng exceeded 50 billion yuan. Among them, Huizhou Career, Zhoulei Technology, Zhongjing LED Chip Project, Guangzhou Zengcheng LED Epitaxial Chip Project and other heavyweight industrial investment projects have a total investment of more than 20 billion yuan. Other industry giants are also eager for the LED industry. Statistics show that BYD, Tsinghua Tongfang, Rainbow Group, Changhong, China Electronics Group, Skyworth, etc. have also entered this field.

A rush to the top led to overcapacity. In particular, the global economic downturn has caused domestic LED companies that rely mainly on exports to make profits, and the domestic market has not yet opened, which has made LED companies difficult. Yesterday, the reporter looked through the third quarter report of a number of LED listed companies and found that the profit decline of LED companies was very strong.

Winter will last for more than half a year

"We are in the winter." Wang Peng, deputy general manager of Baishi Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. believes that it takes half a year to one year for the LED industry to get out of the winter. To change this dilemma, Wang Peng believes that there are only two ways: First, digest production capacity, let the funds and enterprises that make quick money in the industry withdraw from the industry, and the rest are enterprises that have been polished by the “alloy stone” in the market; The entire LED industry is “deleveraging”. When funds no longer have high leverage for the LED industry, such industries can become benign development enterprises.

When investigating LED companies, the reporter found an interesting phenomenon, that is, the entire LED industry, including listed companies, is "lack of money." For listed companies, in 2011, Chau Ming Technology's accounts receivable were 42.92 million yuan, accounting for 8.06% of operating income; Liard was 118 million yuan, accounting for 23.47% of operating income. As of September 30 this year, the accounts receivable of Zhouming Technology, Liard and Lianchuang Optoelectronics are still in the "high position".

Listed companies are "lack of money", and enterprises that have exceeded 100 million yuan are also "lack of money." When an industry insider talks about the operation status of Haobo Optoelectronics' display, it is very "frank": the display is generally "arrears delivery", after delivery, half of the money recovered is not available. According to the introduction, according to the payment practice of the LED industry: For downstream customers, they are required to pay a 30% deposit first, and then pay a part of the money after the display is shipped. After the final acceptance, the final payment will be cleared; on the supplier side, the whole machine will be assembled. The manufacturing company has a 60-90 day billing period.

“Lack of money” has caused the nerves of the entire industry to be very “fragile”. In the LED industry, when a company issues funding problems, it is most likely to be confronted by suppliers. When all suppliers refuse to supply raw materials, “the capital chain will be brittle.”

When investigating LED companies, the reporter found that the entire LED industry, including listed companies, was "lack of money." Lack of money has made the nerves of the entire industry very vulnerable. "We are in the winter." Wang Peng, deputy general manager of Baishi Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. believes that it takes half a year to one year for the LED industry to get out of the winter.

LED industry must be “deleveraging”

The reporter's investigation found that in the LED industry, there is an unusually huge amount of money in the capital, and the “leverage” of funds is used in the industry “to the fullest”.

What is "leverage"? To put it simply, it is borrowing for investment operations and obtaining high returns with less capital. This model is used by many companies in the LED industry. When the economy is improving, the high returns brought by this model have led LED companies to ignore the existence of high-risk. When the economy begins to decline, the negative effects of leverage have become prominent and the risks have been rapidly amplified. For companies that use excessive leverage, once the price of a product falls, the loss will be very large, and a slight carelessness may quickly lead to bankruptcy. In the LED industry, many companies adopt a “leverage” model, which is to use 1 million yuan to do business of 4 million yuan or even 5 million yuan.

The reporter learned that in 2008, Haobo Optoelectronics registered capital of only 2 million yuan, and in 2011, Haobo Optoelectronics sales reached 200 million yuan. Undoubtedly, the LED entry threshold is low, and the bright future has attracted a lot of funds to enter, and there is also a lack of “buy short selling”. When the industry develops healthily, many funds only see the surface scenery, and when the industry encounters a crisis, such a lever The capital structure will inevitably lead to the crisis of the entire LED industry.

According to sources, in the industry, 80% of companies, including listed companies, are such a capital structure. Although the reporter could not investigate the capital structure of all LED companies, many LED companies have used the leverage of funds to do business, which has become an unwritten rule of the industry, which has also led to the industrial crisis. "When the tide recedes, you can see who is wearing the swimming trunks," Buffett said.

The risk of high “leverage” has begun to be recognized by more LED companies, and “deleveraging” is a difficult process. For LED companies to develop healthily, they must experience the pain of “deleveraging”.

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